What Is The Cornea?
The cornea is a thin, clear, spherical layer of tissue on the surface of the eye that provides a window for light to pass through. In a healthy eye, the cornea bends or refracts light rays so they focus precisely on the retina in the back of the eye.
Corneal Diseases Or Infections
There are many diseases that can affect the cornea, causing pain or loss of vision. Disease, infection, or injury can cause the cornea to swell (called "edema") or degrade (become cloudy and reduce vision).
What Causes Dry Eye?
Dry eye occurs when the eyes aren't sufficiently moisturized, leading to itching, redness and pain from dry spots on the surface of the eye. The eyes may become dry and irritated because the tear ducts don't produce enough tears, or because the tears themselves have a chemical imbalance.
People usually begin experiencing dry eye symptoms as they age, but the condition can also result from certain medications, conditions or injuries.
What Happens If Dry Eye Is Left Untreated?
Dry eye is not only painful, but it can also damage the eye's tissues and impair vision if left untreated. Fortunately, many treatment options are available.
Non-Surgical Treatment for Dry Eye
Non-surgical treatments for dry eye include blinking exercises, increasing humidity at home or work, and use of artificial tears or moisturizing ointment. If these methods fail, small punctal plugs may be inserted in the corners of the eyes to limit tear drainage, or the drainage tubes in the eyes may be surgically closed.
Surgical Treatment for Dry Eye
Eyelid surgery is also a solution if an eyelid condition is causing your dry eyes.
LipiFlow For Dry Eye Treatment
We now offer LipiFlow, a new treatment option for patients suffering from dry eyes. To learn more about LipiFlow, please contact our office or click here to view our patient education videos.
Dry Eye and MGD